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Feature article September 19, 2017:


Saint Jean Carbon Inc.'s Graphene and Graphite Technologies Hold Potential for Billion Dollar Valuation


SJL.V confirmed as forerunners to obtaining the largest offtake agreement for mass-produced spherical carbon coated graphite (SCCG) for the largest lithium-ion battery manufacturers.


 Saint Jean Carbon Inc.

  (TSX-V: SJL) (OTCQB: TORVF) (Frankfurt: WNFN)


Share data, Capitalization, & Corporate info

 Shares Outstanding:  ~223 million

 Recently Traded: CDN$0.05/share (TSX-V: SJL)

 52 Week High/Low: $0.35 / 0.025

 Current Market Capitalization: ~$11.1 million Canadian

 Corporate Website:


SJL.V's share price is poised for dramatic near-term upside revaluation.

  • Mill currently under construction for manufacturing of spherical carbon coated graphite, a uniquely superior proprietary process that so impresses major lithium-ion car battery manufacturers it is expected to lead to large-scale offtake agreement.

  • Currently building the first graphene based lithium-ion battery and a recycled high performance Lithium-ion battery.

  • Strategic holdings of high-grade high-purity lump graphite properties located in Quebec and Sri Lanka.

  • Multiple graphene and graphite related patents worth potentially multi-billions.

  • Highly skilled and accomplished technical leadership; the Company's appointment of the top Li-ion battery expert in the world, Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BS, as Chief Technology Officer, affirms SJL.V at the forefront of next generation commercial applications of carbon science technology.



Valuation Commentary: Saint Jean Carbon Inc. (TSX-V: SJL) (OTCQB: TORVF) (Frankfurt: WNFN) is considered to be among one of the most advanced technology companies, if not the most advanced, in North America when it comes to graphene innovation. Currently the Company is building the first graphene based lithium-ion battery and a recycled high performance Lithium-ion battery, among a host of other advanced technological business activities. Importantly for shareholders is the near-term catalyst potential for share price appreciation, as the Company are also forerunners to obtaining the largest offtake agreement for mass-produced spherical carbon coated graphite (SCCG) for the largest lithium-ion battery manufacturers (electric car/green energy storage). SJL.V is currently in the process of building the first high speed commercial shaping and coating mill in North America for a major ev manufacturer, the Company has the materials, the people, the technology and knowhow to be a top-beneficiary in this multi-billion dollar industry. SJL.V's current market cap of ~C$11 million (trading at ~C$0.05/share) is minuscule compared to its potential, the value of the spherical carbon coated graphite patent alone has serious potential to result in a multi-billion dollar market cap in a very short time period. As the reality of the accomplishments and potential are understood by the marketplace, we expect shares of SJL.V to rise several multiples higher than its current price.


Over the last year SJL.V has filed several potentially revolutionary 100%-owned patents for applications of graphene, including a) the first  superconductivity room temperature wire, b) a proprietary method for production of single layer (one atom thick) natural graphene with no impurities and without heat damage, c) production of diamagnetic graphene (which means it repels magnetic fields, in so being first in the world to temper/control graphene), d) a glucose meter that uses magnetic resistance graphene to instantaneously detect micro-changes via saline levels from tear ducts (once in commercial application it is expected to be ideal for instantly alerting diabetics). That is just a sampling of patents, the Company has ~35 other secondary and tertiary patent innovations in the pipeline.


As impressive as those inventions are for the future, currently ~75% to 85% of the Company's time and efforts are spent on the green energy storage and green energy creation side of its business as those have immediate real-world demand with serious near-term monetization potential. On the green energy creation side SJL.V has graphene photo cells in the lab yielding 100% light energy flow through efficiency, this holds potential to lead to a new paradigm for solar cells. On the green energy storage side SJL.V is rapidly advancing toward serious monetization with its first large-scale SCCG prototype mill now under construction for a major electric vehicle manufacturer. Its proprietary SCCG technology has efficiencies that dwarf what others are capable of and has so impressed lithium-ion battery manufacturers that it is expected to translate into an off-take agreement for the Company to supply raw materials, grind, shape, and coat 150,000 tonnes per year of spherical carbon coated graphite for 20 years, generating $350 to $500 million/per year in revenue at capacity.


Additionally on the energy storage side of the business, the Company is involved in a collaborative effort that leverages its patents and expertise. This November-2016, within two weeks of Saint Jean announcing it has appointed the top Li-ion battery expert in the world, Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BS, as Chief Technology Officer, Saint Jean Carbon announced it is building the world's first recycled high performance Lithium-ion battery in cooperation with their main battery manufacturing partner. The battery will use recycled/upcycling material from an electric car power pack and the upcycled anode material from Saint Jean Carbon. This battery will prove the life cycle of the raw materials can be extended by being re-used over and over again, and help position Saint Jean as an integral player in the future of the energy storage sector (see related November 24, 2016 news release entitled "Saint Jean Carbon Building a Recycled High Performance Lithium-ion Battery").  Also, this January-2017 the Company announced it is building the first graphene based lithium-ion battery (see June 14, 2017 news "Saint Jean Carbon Completes Graphene Full Cell Lithium Ion Battery").


The Company was formed ~4.5 years ago to capitalize on the opportunities and advancements in graphene research and the growing enthusiasm for electric vehicles (which rely upon large quantities of specialized graphite for the anodes in lithium-ion batteries). CEO, Paul Ogilvie, is an individual rooted in technology success and also has a history of successfully advancing graphite mining projects to high valuation takeout. SJL.V is first and foremost a technology business, its graphite mining holdings should only be viewed as strategic back-up as the Company's M.O. is to treat raw materials as a commodity that can be sourced globally according to spec to feed end applications of the Company's technology. Everything the company does is geared toward ensuring it will have a part in meaningful final applications. The Company has built relationships at the highest level of research in the world and is on the forefront of innovation that will transform the future.

Fig. 1 Graphene layers, they exist 2 dimensionally.


Graphene was only first isolated ~11 years ago. It is a thin layer of pure carbon, bonded together in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice. It is the thinnest compound known to man (at one atom thick), as well as the lightest. It is also the strongest compound discovered (100-300 times stronger than steel), is the best conductor of heat at room temperature, and also the best conductor of electricity known. Graphene has potential applications across a wide range of industries. Saint Jean is one of the most advanced in terms of production of graphene and in mid-2016 the Company was requested by the National Research Counsel of Canada to submit samples and help set the national standard for graphene production and quality. To date we are not aware of anyone else managing to meet the call to submit samples.


Intellectual Property Ownership


      The patents we see contributing most towards an appreciation of share price value near-term are the two for spherical carbon coated graphite, they are 100% owned by St. Jean Carbon Inc. There are also large number of patents that the Company co-owns 50:50 with universities, these often do not get coverage in press releases. Anything the Company does with Western University, or Waterloo, and others are considered shared 50:50; SJL.V shares in ownership and (eventual) royalties 50:50, however important to note is that SJL.V retains exclusive first right of refusal to use it. On the patents that are 100% SJL.V owned, anything the Company does with the university that is done on an 'engagement basis', which means the Canadian government pays the university for SJL.V, the Company owns the technology and shareholders benefit from the research without the burden of dilution. To date on patents submitted no one has come forth and challenged or said they are doing it too. Important to note is that most of the R&D is accomplished via without shareholder dilution (e.g. See December 15, 2016 news release entitled "Saint Jean Carbon and Western University Receive NSERC Grant").


Overview of why Saint Jean Carbon Inc. (SJL.V) has potential for >50X market cap revaluation

Fig. 2. (above) Tesla car, Li-ion battery array, and inset microscope image of ~20 μm size shaped graphite dust. -- Producing anode-grade graphite with 99.875% purity is complex. The end-cost is not so much the material but rather the high-tech shaping, coating, and purification process. A single EV battery requires ~25kg (55lb) of graphite for the Li-ion anode.


1) High-speed Spherical Carbon Coated Graphite Mill - 100% Owned


The lithium-ion batteries for manufacturing plants being built NOW to meet expected demand will require steady and reliable supplies of spherical carbon coated graphite, and no one in the world is able to produce and deliver at sub US$2,000 per tonne except for Saint Jean Carbon Inc via its proprietary patented (pending) technology. The Company is targeting securing an off-take agreement for its technology, and are bound by confidentiality and non disclosure agreements from saying with who, but most people looking at their specifications of material are logically immediately able to take the leap and say its Tesla. Plus news of SJL.V appointing Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BS as Chief Technology Officer is very telling as he is known in the industry as the foremost expert on Li-ion battery technology in the world and consultant to several majors. The end result, bottom line, should see Saint Jean Carbon Inc. profitably get to companies in the like of Tesla in Nevada and see US$1,950 per tonne spherical coated carbon graphite and make US$600 to US$700 on every tonne.


Saint Jean Carbon has developed an exclusive patented manufacturing system that creates the material; jet-mill/grinding it, then shaping it, and coating it, all in one go, and then applying it directly to the anode that goes into a lithium-ion battery. The Company's mill is a process that will be situated at (or attached to) the battery plant facility of the electric vehicle manufacturer, in say Nevada. The off-take deal will involve SJL.V supplying the raw graphite materials according to spec, either by sub-contract or mining it themselves (if need be as a back-up); the company has well vetted detailed engineering models involving ~120 small high-grade high-purity graphite pits on its own properties. Graphite material that goes into lithium-ion batteries is 99.875% pure, it has no dampness to it, and all the impurities are eliminated from it. SJL.V has developed a system that crushes and grinds its ore, and air classifies it through a windowing system, further grinds it, and loads it to railcar for delivery to its processing mill. Ideally the Company can avoid using its own properties; SJL.V has been offered material by two very large Chinese producers of graphite at a base cost that would be the same as (or less than) the Company's cost to mine here in exchange for a cut of the high-graded material. SJL.V's strategy is to use others graphite first, if possible, as graphite is basically a commodity and the real value in graphite for the Li-ion anode is in its technological process. Regardless of the source, SJL.V will ensure the mine signature and finished material DNA are compatible, as unique and exacting specifications are required for all materials to work together in the end battery.


Leaving nothing to chance, SJL.V is retaining full control of the process, at least for this first off-take; the Company is expected to own the mill equipment, lease space (for free) at the manufacturer, supply its own raw material, and man its own equipment. There is an expertise that SJL.V brings to the table that no one else on the planet has proved they can replicate and majors have taken notice.



Fig. 3 (above) - Patent diagram for shapeing graphite.


The patent to spherically shape graphite and carbon coat graphite holds extreme latent value. Prior to SJL.V's patented process, and currently the way it is done today, is through mechanical fusion; think of a spec of graphite that is ground down to 20 μm (μm is a micrometer, A.K.A. micron, = one millionth of a meter), mechanical fusion grinds graphite without ever touching it, it jitters itself to shape, it works well but is seriously inefficient. What SJL.V created is a horizontal system that uses devices similarly to ailerons on an airplane that spin and are able to process voluminous amounts of material, yielding the same effect as mechanical fusion without the inefficiencies, enabling SJL.V to make per piece of mill equipment ~5,000 tonnes per year vs. requiring 50 pieces of equipment (using current technology) to produce that same amount. Much more efficient and economical.



Fig. 4 (above) - Patent diagram for coating graphite.


The milling process is actually comprised of two separate patented processes, one for shaping (as explained above) and one for carbon coating the natural graphite. A lithium-ion battery with natural graphite will outperform a synthetic graphite battery by about 35%, that's good, however natural graphite starts to break down on the edges of the anode. This problem is resolved by putting a carbon coating on the natural graphite particles, its one of the key sciences in a lithium-ion battery. The carbon coating is applied in a chamber via plasma and heat pulling apart some synthetic graphite and dropping the atoms of the carbon onto the graphite. The result is graphite that stays together on the edges of the anode. SJL.V's exclusive patent involves doing the process in a pressurized chamber and getting the material charged so it will magnetically attach the carbon coating to the graphite at high speed.


In the drawing you can see how the two pieces of equipment go together into one complete no man touch system from one end to the other. The big checkpoints here are that SJL.V has created a piece of equipment that will do a process at extremely high speed that no one else does and do so more efficiently from an energy standpoint, and a handling standpoint (no human touch). 


Related releases


October 25, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Commission Preliminary Economic Assessment [click to see full copy from source]


May 19, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Starts Commercial Construction of Spherical Coated Graphite Mill [click to see full copy from source]



OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - May 19, 2016) - Saint Jean Carbon Inc. ("Saint Jean" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SJL), a carbon science company engaged in the development of natural graphite properties and related carbon products, is pleased to announce the Company is starting to construct the first full mill and finishing line in North America. The design for each line can be scaled up easily to produce 6,800 metric tonnes per line per year of spherically shaped, carbon-coated graphite. The primary use of the finished materials is for the Lithium ion batteries used in electric cars. The mill design is also modular and can be setup directly at the battery manufacturing plant, eliminating over-handling, contamination, moisture fluctuations and impurity intercalation.

The Company announced in the fall of 2015 the filing of a number of patents and research and development work with two universities. The results of the projects have created the necessary information and engineering to build the first production line. The first line will be built to produce an average of 5,000 metric tonnes per year with less than 5% waste. The equipment that is under patent application can make various sizes and purities to meet all of the stringent customer demands. Over the last two years, the company has worked on two detailed customer specifications; the success of meeting the specifications has lead to the decision to build the first full production line in North America.

Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: "We are very pleased and excited to build the first of what we hope to be many production lines, up and running in the near future. We feel with the demand for the material, and the excellent work by both universities, industry partners and the consultants to the Company will help prove and support our overall strategy to be the first in full production and the first to supply material to this burgeoning industry. The extreme level of quality and significant lack of impurities has created excellent coin cells results from our material. We hope this breakthrough leads us to a supply agreement with our industry partners."

The highest grade/quality of coated spherical graphite sells for *$1,950.00 USD per metric tonne (FOB battery plant). Ideally, the design will produce high volume with very little waste. Further, as no harsh chemicals or high heat to purify the material will be used in the production of the finished material, the line will not damage the high order of carbon. Only material that does not need upgrading will run through the line. The company will release progress statements.

*The company is presently in negotiations with two battery manufacturers, to supply graphite spherically shaped and coated at a price point of $1,950.00 USD per metric tonne. here for full copy from source


November 9, 2015 - Saint Jean Carbon Files Patent for Spherically Shaping Graphite for Lithium Ion Batteries [click to see full copy from source] 


The numbers


To build the module for carbon coating spherical graphite, depending on the capacity and size fractions sought on the materials, the costs are of a low of ~US$3.9 million to a high of ~US$5 million. SJL.V is looking at a capacity now, as announced, of between 6,000 and 7,500 tonnes per year.


How big does this get? The modules are scalable. The offtake is for 150,000 tonnes per year for 20 years, and depending on the different size of materials and different engineering for them, there is between $350 million to $500 million per year from just one battery plant. SJL.V is aiming to net out ~US$600 to US$700 on every tonne. The offtake will likely restrict services to competing car manufacturers, but not solar plants (which happen to use more graphite than cars), and other select battery manufacturers.


Reality of production is fast approaching:


The mill is being built for an electric car company as a prototype/first-shot at proofing what is going on their anodes. The mill will continue as a rolling start to bigger numbers. When the investment community figures out that the process to supply such specialized graphite material onto an assembly line of a manufacturer is beyond the ability of most ordinary graphite mining entities, because they don't have the technological expertise and knowhow -- SJL.V will be recognized for what its potential is as top-dog in its field. Right now the Company is building the mill for one car company, and that company has one battery manufacturer -- the mill was announced to build material that they are prototyping on their end so that in one year, when they say "let's get all these materials to play together", SJL.V is going to be at the party saying "We have our prototype mill built to take our concentrate material through for you". At that time the two pieces of SJL.V prototype equipment on their own, alone in operation, will be worth significant amounts of money.


Revenue growth to begin and won't stop, SJL.V will be valued as a different kind of entity:


SJL.V envisions within a year of initiating larger-scale milling, shaping, and coating to produce at a rate of ~18,000 to 25,000 tonnes. Times that by $US2,000 per tonne. After that; skies the limits. This one offtake on its own is for 150,000 tonnes per year for 20 years. The ramp up from electric car companies and the Panasonics of the world are very bullish with straight line projections. The problem with forecasting a phenomena is that it is difficult, could be less, it could also be more. But what we do know is that the demand for SJL.V's proprietary technology will be immense.


2) World's First Recycled High Performance Lithium-ion Battery - Collaborative project with battery manufacturing partner


SJL.V announced it is building the world's first recycled high performance Lithium-ion battery in cooperation with their main battery manufacturing partner. The battery will use recycled/upcycling material from an electric car power pack and the upcycled anode material from Saint Jean Carbon. This battery will prove the life cycle of the raw materials can be extended by being re-used over and over again, and help to further position Saint Jean as an integral player in the future of the energy storage sector. The Company is involved in numerous collaborative efforts that leverage its patents and expertise. This announcement, regarding the building of the recycled high performance Lithium-ion battery, falls on the heals of Saint Jean announcing it has appointed the top Li-ion battery expert in the world, Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BS, as Chief Technology Officer.


Excerpt of recent (November 24, 2016) news from Saint Jean Carbon:


Saint Jean Carbon Building a Recycled High Performance Lithium-ion Battery


OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Nov. 24, 2016) - Saint Jean Carbon Inc. ("Saint Jean" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SJL), a carbon science company engaged in the design and build of energy storage carbon materials, is pleased to announce that Saint Jean Carbon and their battery manufacturing partner will build a high powered full scale lithium-ion battery with recycled/upcycling material from an electric car power pack and the upcycled anode material from Saint Jean Carbon. This will be a world first and hopefully will provide results that prove the life cycle of the raw material can be re-used over and over again. Ideally, greatly reducing the demand for continued mining and helping the environment significantly.

The project will have a three stage approach: 1) Using proprietary and patented systems for dismantling and separating the chemistry and hard materials. 2) Design and re-engineering the surfacing of the raw materials. 3) Construct two identical cells, one with new material and one with upcycled materials. Both cells will be tested to over 10,000 cycles; this will create the most realistic sampling test results.

In the future having the ability to take recycled materials, reengineer them and repurpose to build a high performance lithium-ion battery (HPL) would be a first and would greatly change the way we look at the raw material chain in energy storage applications and how the raw material will affect the cost of electric vehicles. The outcome, if successful will be step one in a multi design build project that would hopefully see a test vehicle built using the batteries.

Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: "The focus to work together to create a fully functioning upcycled battery is really a great opportunity for all parties involved, and aligns perfectly with our overall strategy. We have always had concerns about the significant amount of raw materials needed for lithium-ion batteries, frankly; making the environmentally sound energy storage devices, not so environmentally friendly when you dispose of them. With our technology and the knowledge strength within our team, we feel strongly, very promising results may come from the project. We look forward to presenting the results and any milestones as they get completed."

The company anticipates the project will take six months to complete and will issue updates periodically. here for full copy from source


3) First Graphene Based Lithium-ion Battery



Excerpt of recent (January 19, 2017) news from Saint Jean Carbon:


Saint Jean Carbon Builds First Graphene Based Lithium-ion Battery


OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - January 19, 2017) - Saint Jean Carbon Inc. (“Saint Jean” or the “Company”) (TSX-V:SJL), a carbon science company engaged in the design and build of green energy storage, green energy creation and green re-creation through carbon materials. The Company is pleased to announce it has started the design and build of a graphene based lithium-ion battery; based on the Company’s graphene production capabilities the material being produced is 99.999999%gC and a single layer of graphite measuring one atom in thickness will be used to create the anode.

With two years of research completed and with great samples of graphene produced, the Company feels strongly that due to the fact that no harsh chemicals or heat has been used to produce the graphene, the high order of carbon is kept in perfect condition, creating the possibility of the highest performance seen in a lithium-ion battery to date.


Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: “
Research is being conducted around the world in the graphene space, we feel our strategy to focus on real world applications where the graphene may play a leading role is important to the Company’s growth strategy and strengthens our global positioning as a green technology company. As our battery projects continue; from spherical shaped carbon coated graphite, recycled battery materials and to now applying our graphene expertise to lithium-ion batteries, this tremendously rounds out our research.

Graphene can make batteries that are light, durable and suitable for high capacity energy storage, as well as shorten charging times. This will extend the battery’s life, which is negatively linked to the amount of carbon that is coated on the graphite or added to electrodes to achieve conductivity. Graphene adds conductivity without requiring the amounts of carbon that are used in conventional batteries.

Graphene can improve such battery attributes such as energy density. Li-ion batteries can be enhanced by introducing graphene to the battery’s anode and capitalizing on the material’s conductivity and large surface area to achieve morphological optimization and performance. here for full copy from source


Excerpt of latest follow-up on the graphene battery (June 14, 2017) news from Saint Jean Carbon:


Saint Jean Carbon Completes Graphene Full Cell Lithium Ion Battery


OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - June 14, 2017) -- Saint Jean Carbon Inc. ("Saint Jean" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SJL)(OTCQB:TORVF), a carbon science company engaged in the design and build of green energy storage, green energy creation and green re-creation through the use of carbon materials. Saint Jean is pleased to announce the Company has completed a full cell graphene battery, as previously announced in a press release dated April 20th, 2017. The company is working on creating high performance graphene batteries through a series of research projects. The first step was to test the graphene against graphite as an anode material in a coin cell (half-cell). The tests show that the graphene outperformed the graphite by about 30% as demonstrated over 100 cycles the discharge capacity for the graphite was 200 to 220 mAh/g and for the graphene 310 to 330 mAh/g. The next step was to create a full pouch cell that would function in a real world application, as an example; a clock with a nightlight (follow the link to view the photograph of the battery).

The battery takes about 4 to 5 minutes to fully charge and can keep functioning for about 25 minutes. With an operating window of 3.0-0 4.2 volts and capacity of 140mAh/g. The Company is very encouraged by the results and as such will complete the final series of tests. The Company will now design and construct a high performance graphene full cell. The graphene will be produced and modified to try and reach the theoretical performance threshold. The goal is to achieve double the performance of a graphite anode. The preparation of the cells and test were all managed by Graffana Inc of Waterloo Ontario. The raw material was source from a third party.

Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: "We are very pleased to continue to push for opportunities for graphene in practical applications; as simple as a clock and light, next possibly a drill with the end goal of producing an electric car battery with a graphene anode. With the continued research it all helps move the goal a little closer to reality." here for full copy from source


4) Energy Creation - Co-owned with Western University


SJL.V is working on photo cells with 100% flow through efficiency and will soon publish a related white paper for peer review. A one atom thick piece of graphene is actually one sheet of crystal clear carbon, the basic building block for diamonds, but unlike diamond though graphene is highly conductive, and is shaped like a lattice of linear honeycombs, it is two dimensional but one atom thick and the only thing in the world like it. If light is ran through this clear mass, the light enters the honeycombs and bounces off the structure creating equal (and at times higher) power out the other end to be captured. SJL.V believes from the lab pieces it has produced that this technology has potential to eventually be refined to the point the Company can produce a small photo cell, about the size of a few fingernails, with potential to generate energy at the same rate as what is now outputted from something the size of a small car.


Aside: On the forefront of perpetual energy? Other scholars around the world have theorized that on an atomic level with graphene it is possible to generate energy at 100%+ (at times 120% to 135%) out the other side. Indeed that is what SJL.V has observed in the lab (on an atomic level). The reason SJL.V tempers its descriptives at an impressive 100% throughput on its graphene solar cell technology is because it is not known if the phenomena of generating energy at a greater rate than going in is possible to occur on a large cell scale. As you can imagine though, the fact researchers are able today to create energy at an atomic level is exciting.


Excerpt of latest follow-up on energy creation (July 11, 2017) news from Saint Jean Carbon:


Saint Jean Carbon, advances Solar Power with Carbon Dots


OAKVILLE, Ontario, July 11, 2017--(GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Saint Jean Carbon Inc. (“Saint Jean” or the “Company”) (TSX-V:SJL) (OTCQB:TORVF), a carbon science company engaged in the design and build of green energy storage, green energy creation and green re-creation through the use of carbon materials, is pleased to provide an update on the carbon dots project announced on December 20th 2016 with the University of Western Ontario. The Company has a number of carbon nano level projects underway at the university; in particular a lot of time has been placed on the carbon dots and the ability to create solar energy, recent tests show a significant increase in energy efficiency. The increase means more energy gathered effectively may create better solar panels in the future.

According to the market research, the photovoltaic solar industry will have created $41.9* billion in revenues globally in 2016. The market size of photovoltaic devices increases with the rate of 29% annually. Efficient photovoltaic devices require enhancing the charge separation and photocurrent generation. (* IHS Markit September 21/2015)


Jin Zhang, Ph.D, Associate Professor Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Western University commented: “Hybrid nanostructures are found to be used for solar energy conservation and photovoltaics because of their modified electronic properties; both the valence and conduction bands of one-component are lower in energy than the corresponding bands of the counterpart materials. The staggered alignment of band edges leads to an efficient spatial charge separation of electrons and holes. Two major transition in C-dots are π-π* and n-π* with the energy of 5.0 eV and 3.3 eV, respectively. The unique photophysical properties of C-dots may open up new opportunities for light-energy harvesting. Our strategy to gain efficient photovoltaic devices is to develop a carbon quantum dots based hybrid system.”


Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: “As part of our overall strategy to create materials for green energy storage, creation and re-creation market place, the carbon dots project is helping us realize greater efficiencies in energy creation. We look forward to testing the hybrid system and seeing how we can apply the technology to the electric car industry.”


The project intellectual property will be owned on a 50/50 basis with the university and the Company. The project is funded over a two-year period by the Company contributing $10,000.00 per year and an NSERC grant for $100,000.00. The Company also provides “in kind” services and materials to the project. The Company will provide updates on the project as they become available. The following link ( provides Characterization of Carbon quantum dots: (a) TEM micrograph of Carbon quantum dots (b) photoluminescence of Carbon quantum dots with tunable emission and (a) SEM micrograph of semiconductor nanorod modified with carbon quantum dots (b) Cross-sectional SEM micrograph of the hybrid system. here for full copy from source





     Content found herein is not investment advice see Terms of Use, Disclosure & Disclaimer

*Projections, estimates, and assumptions herein are based on journalistic opinion, not Company guidance.



5) Graphene production - 100% owned


Saint Jean Carbon Inc. has a proprietary process for producing graphene. In layman's terms, harmonics are used to vibrate the graphite, and salt water to electrify the graphite and repel each of the layers apart creating a piece of graphite pulled apart into thousands of pieces down to one atom thick.



Fig. 6 (above) - Patent diagram for graphene production.


Related release


October 5, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Produce Single Layer Graphene [click to see full copy from source]



OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Oct. 5, 2016) - Saint Jean Carbon Inc. ("Saint Jean" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SJL), a carbon science company engaged in the exploration of natural graphite properties and related carbon products, is pleased to announce the Company has produced two samples of single layer graphene (1) dispersion 20 mL, 0.1%, with pure 100 mL water and (2) a 50 mg of powder. The material was produced without any chemicals or any mechanical systems that would harm the high order of carbon structure and wettability. The material has been sent to National Research Council (see press release dated July, 26, 2016) and will be used to help set the national standard for graphene production and quality.

Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: "We are very pleased to have both the material of such high quality and the know how to produce one atom thick graphene with zero impurities and be the most conductive and strongest material in the world. This milestone takes us another step forward as we continue to develop faster and more efficient systems to produce the material. More and more research into graphene in lithium-ion batteries continues to make real progress around the world, the better we understand the needs, the better prepared we will be in the future."

In simple terms, graphene, is a thin layer of pure carbon; it is a single, tightly packed layer of carbon atoms that are bonded together in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice. In more complex terms, it is an allotrope of carbon in the structure of a plane of sp2 bonded atoms with a molecule bond length of 0.142 nanometres. Layers of graphene stacked on top of each other form graphite, with an interplanar spacing of 0.335 nanometres.

Graphene is the thinnest compound known to man at one atom thick; the lightest material known (with 1 square meter coming in at around 0.77 milligrams); the strongest compound discovered (between 100-300 times stronger than steel and with a tensile stiffness of 150,000,000 psi); the best conductor of heat at room temperature (at (4.84±0.44) × 10^3 to (5.30±0.48) × 10^3 W·m−1·K−1) and also the best conductor of electricity known (studies have shown electron mobility at values of more than 15,000 cm2·V−1·s−1). Other notable properties of graphene are its unique levels of light absorption at πα ≈ 2.3% of white light, and its potential suitability for use in spin transport. here for full copy from source


6) First Superconductivity Room Temperature Wire - 100% owned


Saint Jean Carbon Inc. is the first in the world to create superconductivity at room temperature. The Company was featured on the cover of superconducting weekly for this achievement. The superconductivity is accomplished by a special way the graphene is created, in that it becomes diamagnetic, which means it repels a magnet. The energy in the middle of repelling magnets is superconductivity, it means there is zero resistance. That neutral zone in the middle is faster than the the speed of light and it is called superconductivity because anything can move through that space without resistance. In the current conventional world when you use an electrical cord on a tool the cord gets warm as electricity encounters resistance in the wire. SJL.V has created a wire three feet long that you can run tens of amps through, that is big power, and it does not even heat up, plus the energy moves along at light speed.


Related release


March 8, 2017 "Saint Jean Carbon Superconductor Paper To Be Presented and Published at ICNFA17"

December 15, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon and Western University Receive NSERC Grant

December 22, 2015 - Saint Jean Carbon Develops Room Temperature Superconducting Wire



Fig. 7 (above) - Patent diagram for superconductive wire.


The Company was aware of inefficiencies in the Tesla car, in the electrical which takes up power. SJL.V theorized that if there were superconductive conducting wires between two points there would be no loss of power. In its consultation with Tesla it was confirmed there is a 15% loss of power as a result. So on the graphene side SJL.V went about creating and patenting a superconductivity wire. That wire is designed to replace the wire coming off of the electric motor that's coming off a battery, allowing energy to get to the motor super efficiently without any resistance and not using up energy along the path. 


7) Diagmagnetic graphene - 100% owned


One of the interesting things about graphene is that it is always in motion, when you look at it under an atomic microscope it moves, it is trying to get back together again, if you leave it alone it will restack itself. Tens of billions in research dollars has been spent globally figuring out how to turn it off. A year ago SJL.V impressed the world announcing that it had created diamagnetic graphite, actually turning the graphite off. To change something ferromagnetic (attracted to a magnetic field) to diamagnetic (creating an opposing of the magnetic field) at some point you have to turn that off. SJL.V are the first in the world to actually switch on and switch off graphene, that becomes important because if you are going to try to say replace a silicon chip (which graphene would be marvelously suited to replace due to its conductivity) you need to be able to control graphene.


8) Diabetes Glucose Meter - 100% owned


Pouring salt water over graphene, or immersing graphene in salt water puts a charge on graphene, because saline creates electrical charges. Western University with SJL.V's help created a way of measuring glucose through saline in your tear duct. The detection using this method functions so accurately that it is possible to detect micro changes in the body's glucose chemistry and alarm the person. This has been patented and is awaiting commercial implementation, which has enormous potential.


9) Magnetoresistance Graphene - Co-owned


Magnetoresistance is the backbone of the technology that led to the recent creation of SJL.V's diabetes glucose meter patent (mentioned above).


September 21, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Successfully Creates Magnetoresistance Graphene

[click to see full copy from source]



OAKVILLE, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Sept. 21, 2016) - Saint Jean Carbon Inc. ("Saint Jean" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SJL), a carbon science company engaged in the exploration of natural graphite properties and related carbon products, is pleased to announce the Company with the University of Western Ontario has created the first graphene that has magnetic field referred to as Magnetoresistance (MR). Creating this effect at an atomic scale is a tremendous step forward in the overall research and development of the Company's future in graphene products.

Jin Zhang Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at University of Western Ontario, commented: "Magnetoresistance (MR) refers to the significant change of electrical resistance of materials under a magnetic field. Magnetoresistance effects have been applied in magnetic sensors, spintronic devices and data storage. Magnetic sensors are extremely useful for today's industry for measurement and control purposes. The noncontact switching with magnetic sensors allow airplanes to fly with higher safety standards. Sensitive magnetic sensors allow automobiles to determine positions in several places such as the engine crankshaft and wheel braking. The miniaturized magnetic sensors used in magnetic data storage allow computers to have significant memory. Magnetic sensors can turn home appliances such as refrigerators and washing machines into smart devices. This happens by detecting changes in electrical resistance brought on by the presence of a magnetic field. This is also known as magnetoresistance (MR). The market size of the magnetic sensor is increasing with annual growth rate at 10% because of new nanomaterials. As part of the University of Western Ontario, we have being developing magnetic sensors by using graphene-based products with MR effects." here for full copy from source


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Graphite Mining Side of the Business


The management team at SJL.V has a very successful track record of advancing graphite projects to successful take-out (taking Northern Graphite from a few million market cap to ~near-$200 million (from 1/2 a penny in 2006 to over ~$3.75), taking Mega Graphite to ~near-$200 million, taking Canada Carbon to ~near-$30M). Christian Derosier, P.Geo., PhD. heads-up the expertise SJL.V relies upon in advancing a host of quality super high-grade and super high-purity lump graphite projects.


SJL.V's strategy is to use others graphite first, if possible, as graphite is basically a commodity and the real value in graphite for the Li-ion anode is in its technological process. Never the less, if SJL.V is going to produce 150,000 tonnes of spherical carbon coated graphite per year it has ensured it can meet 100% of the demand from its own strategic back-up holdings if need be. The company has formulated very sophisticated engineering models for its mining that have been fully vetted, it has plans to have up to 120 small pit (a small pit being just over 5 football fields in size). Multiple pits aid in ensuring consistency of product, and all of SJL.V's properties are in the same geographic area ensuring duplicating mining signatures and finished material DNA.


Graphite holdings in southwestern Quebec, Canada


The team at SJL.V has over a decade worth of time invested in vetting graphite properties all over the world. In Quebec SJL.V has the best graphite properties in the world, bar none. Also the properties are in the best geographical location in the world; Quebec is one of the safest and highest rated mining jurisdictions in the world with established mining processes and regulations. Quebec is ranked as a top tier location by the Fraser Institute Global Mining Survey. There are also Federal and Provincial tax incentives for exploration (the Quebec government reimburses 32% of exploration costs).


All of SJL.V's graphite properties are in or proximal the Buckingham area of Quebec, ~45 minutes drive from Montreal, and ~1/2 hour drive from Ottawa. The properties are also ~2 km from rail spurs.  


Only about 30% of the known graphite mines/deposits out there globally have the quality of material to actually be able to produce spherical carbon coated graphite for lithium-ion batteries and that is for one simple reason; you can't use heat or harsh chemicals, or anything, that damages the high order of carbon when you purify it. You actually have to have material that comes out of the ground of high purity. If you look at SJL.V's press releases, its material comes out of the ground naturally at grades in excess of 70% and purity of 99.875% (which is the exact purity required for lithium-ion batteries).


All of Saint Jean Carbon's properties in Quebec have a lot of historical information that can be extrapolated. Also the Company is performing required steps to prove the quality out, testing various sections of the deposits/mines to make sure it can actually produce adequately. The consensus amongst professionals in the know about SJL.V's Quebec graphite holdings is that they don't suspect that the Company will have anything less than several millions of tonnes of quality material.


The best historical evidence that the Company's southwestern Quebec graphite properties are top notch lump graphite is that the historical mines all sold to an English firm called Morgan Crucible in the early 1900's. Morgan Crucible would grind out a block of graphite and pour in steel to make parts, if that graphite has any sulphur or iron in it the crucible would crack -- so SJL.V followed the mines Morgan Crucible bought from and all of SJL.V's S.W. Quebec historic mine properties were vendors to Morgan Crucible.


The Company already blends small batches from various graphite occurrences on different properties it possesses when it produces its own graphene or when it needs to send samples to prospective manufacturers. Even though the Company plans to use other peoples graphite, it knows it could probably strip mine its own veins in a pinch for two years. The Company can get permits to strip the veins within three months, basically going in with a backhoe and strip out the veins. No mill is needed, or anything, as it would be stripping out shear solid 99.9% graphite (large football size chunks). It could simply grind and float that material for a while until it organizes to tackle the voluminous quantities of  40% - 70% range material it could run with for decades.  Graphite mining is simple, it is essentially a glorified gravel pit; you crush it, you grind it, you put it in a floater with reagent, and it floats to the surface, then you scoop it off.


From an environmental standpoint, SJL.V is modeling to mine multiple small pits engineered so as to not have any steep walls, and take on the natural gradation of the geography. Southwestern Quebec is mainly soft rolling hills and badlands, so the Company is engineering its pits in such a way that each and every one of them are self-reclamating. So when the Company starts mining a pit it will begin shaping it to take the natural shape on the earth so it does not have to fence them off, water runs naturally through, and forestation starts too. Additionally, once it does 120 pits the Company would be positioned to continue on and make an additional 120, easily extending supply for at least another decade.


Related news:


- January 12, 2017 "Saint Jean Carbon Starts Significant Drill Program" [click to view news].



Below is a summary of key holdings in southwestern Quebec:


Clot Lump Graphite Project


The Clot Graphite Project: The property is located, in Joly Township, about 150 km northwest of Montreal. At present it consists of five (5) claims which covers an area of about 297.35 hectares (ha) (735 acres); three (3) additional claims in demand which will be transferred to the Company as soon as the M.E.R.N.Q., has approved the attribution. The Clot graphite property has been the subject of a series of artisanal mining efforts since the early part of the 20th Century. Over the course of those efforts approximately 1,000 tonnes of lump graphite have been mined, processed and shipped to customers in Canada and the US. The geographic area within which Clot exists, has been the subject of a broad range of graphite developments. These include projects such as the Asbury Mine in Notre-Dame-du-Laus and the Lac-des-Iles Mine south of Mont-Laurier.

The claims are located in highly metamorphosed rocks which host a geological contact between a granitic intrusive and marbles and quartzites, two metasedimentary units of the Grenville geological Province. This represents a favorable geological context which is known to host graphite deposits. The Company therefore also believes the site will hold good potential for graphite mineralisation similar to historic mining operations that occurred in the area.


History on the Clot Property: The new Clot claims essentially surround an area that was known as the Clot Mine. Graphite production was known to have occurred at the Clot Mine between 1907 and 1919. Exploration, production and concentrate assays were undertaken in 1951 (Bourret, 1951) with about 800 tons of material extracted from the mine. Of that tonnage, 350 pounds were hand cleaned and concentrated to obtain a grade of 99.72% carbon. Also 14 tons of lumps contained 94.7% carbon. In addition more than 100 tons of the material at the operating site was estimated to over 35% graphite (Sigeom file GM01868). The remainder of the extracted material was under 20% graphite or unclassified. The deposit is reported to be at least 56m (185 feet) long and more than 3m (10 feet) in width (Bourret, 1952) - A qualified person has not done sufficient work to classify the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserves; and Saint Jean Carbon is not treating the historical estimate as current mineral resources or mineral reserves.

Land access to the new claims is provided by one public secondary all weather road, from highway 117. Accordingly, planned work programs can be done through the full year. Local resources are also available at the nearby cities of Labelle, located 3km along good road from the Property. Most of the property is on public land and water is abundant from lakes and rivers crossing the property in a north-south direction. Power, transportation and housing are available nearby and a local work force could support a mining operation.


All information pertaining to mineral resources herewith presented are historical in nature and while relevant, the information was obtained before the implementation of National Instrument 43-101 reporting standards. No historical estimate should be relied upon until it can be confirmed by the Company.


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St. Jovite Lump Graphite Project


The property is located 8.5 km south-south-east of the village of Brébeuf, in the Laurentian region, approximately 153 km northwest of Montreal. It is underlain by metasedimentary rocks of the Grenville Province which had been invaded by the igneous rocks of the Morin series. It includes the Brébeuf-SSE deposit which was mined sporadically for mica and apatite from 1954 to 1961.

It consists of a vein type deposit with most important pegmatitic vein measuring 30 m in length by 0.6 to 1.8 m in width.

The property is located some 4.5 km southeast of Brébeuf deposit, a graphitic occurrence located in marble and quartzite. Historical works on the Brébeuf deposit mention a graphite content of 33.82% from a graphitic band within the marble and a flaky and lump type mineralisation. This deposit is found at the contact zone between the Grenville and a granitic intrusive mass, where a wide zone of alteration was developed with secondary minerals derived from the sediments, such as wollastonite, scapolite and diopside.

Outcrops of pegmatites, syenogranites and leucogabbros were noted on a preliminary site visit on the Property. The presence of granitic and pegmatitic rock units warrant further investigation to find marbles or graphite-mineralised skarns.


All information pertaining to mineral resources herewith presented are historical in nature and while relevant, the information was obtained before the implementation of National Instrument 43-101 reporting standards. No historical estimate should be relied upon until it can be confirmed by the Company.


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Bell Lump Graphite Mine


The property is made of 13 claims (CDC) for a total area of 781 ha.  It is located on Buckingham and Lochaber Townships in southwestern Québec, about 170 km west of Montréal. Limitation to exploration included the permission from land owner and a gold-silver restriction over a rectangular area, 1.25 square kilometre, surrounding the former Bell Mines in the north central part of the Property.



Figure 9. (above) - Location Map.


Related news releases


Aug 29, 2017 "Saint Jean Carbon Announces Final Diamond Drilling Results" [click to view full release]


Aug 2, 2017 - Saint Jean Carbon First Drill Results, Encouraging [click to view full release]



OAKVILLE, Ontario, Aug. 02, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Saint Jean Carbon Inc. (“Saint Jean” or the “Company”) (TSX-V:SJL) (OTCQB:TORVF), a carbon science company engaged in the design and build of green energy storage, green energy creation and green re-creation through the use of carbon materials is pleased to provide the preliminary results of diamond drilling executed on the Bell Graphite property, located in the Buckingham-Gatineau area. The purpose of the drilling campaign was to verify some historical drill holes (1951-52) and to extend the mineralized zones at depth, below the previous mining operations and to the South. The historical mining operation corresponds to a 400 m long narrow TDEM anomaly with a coincidence with a PhiSpy conductor.

The 2017 drill holes have not been bored in the ascending order. The campaign comprised eleven drill holes totalling 1,338 metres in length.  To date the Company has received the assay results of seven of the eleven holes bored. The assay certificates cover 191 samples, including five blank samples and four graphite standards inserted at random intervals.

Sampling, preparation and assaying protocols were implemented to allow for the inclusion, sampling and/or preparation of various quality control samples at various stages in the regular sample process stream. These samples allow for monitoring and measuring precision, accuracy and potential contamination of samples throughout the sampling, preparation and assaying process.

In addition to the QC samples, a series of protocols were implemented to investigate results from using varied protocols for preparation and assaying of samples. Two Standards for Graphite, GR-1 and GR-4, provided by CDR Resources Laboratories Ltd., from Langley, BC, were used.

Core samples were sent to ALS Minerals ‘s laboratory in Val d’Or, Quebec. They were weighed, crushed, using method CRU-31 (70%, < 2mm), split and pulverized at 85% passing < 75um. Analytical procedures were C-IR06 and ME-MS41 Ultra Trace Aqua Regia ICP-MS. The C-IR06 consists of determination of Graphite by multistage furnace treatment to remove organic carbon and infrared detection on LECO.

Paul Ogilvie, CEO, commented: “The results of the drilling and all of the other property work is very important to the Company as the data will help our various projects.  We look forward to providing the second results of the drill project within the coming weeks.”


Hole BL-17-06 was collared on Section N-4 at a very short distance from Hole B-26 from 1952, oriented in the same direction and with the same dip. At the time, Hole B-26 was stopped at 47.87 m due to a lack of funds. Hole BL-17-06 intersected two mineralized zones enclosed by thick low-grade zones.

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Hole BL-17-06

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
BL-17-06 471388 5049691 118 -70 68.86 80.51 10.95 0.72
          80.51 86 5.16 6.13
          86 87.41 1.32 1.19
          98.74 105.67 6.51 1.32
          105.67 108 2.19 3.96

Hole BL-17-09 is bored on Section N-2, at about 50 m NW of historical Hole B-4 and 25 m below Hole -17-08.

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Holes BL-17-08 and BL-17-09, as well as B-4

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
BL-17-08 471377 5049633 118 -60 69 73 3.46 4.6
          73 92 16.45 1.35
BL-17-09 471359 5049641 118 -60 57 64 6.06 1.39
          88 92 3.46 1.7
          92 98 5.2 3.59
    Including         2 5.46
          98 103 4.33 1.52
B-4 471409 5049615 118 -58.5 22.86 31.39 7.27 6.59
          32.16 32.77 0.52 7.7
          34.59 35.05 0.39 7.7
      All zones   22.86 35.05 10.39 5.29

Hole BL-17-07 was bored on Section N-3 at about 25 m below historical hole B-7. The hole intersected two mineralized zones with low grade shoulders.

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Hole BL-17-07 and Hole B-8

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
B-8 471409 5049645 118 -72 40.69 46.94 5.94 8.1
        Including   0.76 18.9  
          62.94 63.7 0.72 7.8
BL-17-07 471386 5049660 118 -75 54 57 2.9 1.42
          57 64 6.76 4.89
          64 70.61 6.38 1.52
          76 78.05 1.98 3.91

Hole BL-17-05 was bored on Section N-5 at about 30 m NW of hole B-25 (1952)

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Hole BL-17-05

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
BL-17-05 471383 5049731 114 -50 56.35 57.15 0.61 4.58
          81 85.05 3.1 1.05
          85.05 93 6.09 5.28
          93 100 5.36 1.44
          100 103.21 2.46 4.87
B-25 471419 5049705 118 -74.5 48.77 62.48 13.21 5.2
          69.65 76.96 7.04 11.63
          86.87 91.44 4.4 4.78

Hole BL-17-02 is collared on Section N-7 at 25 m NW of Hole BL-17-01 which is turn is about 12.5 m NW of B-20. Results of Hole BL-17-01 are still awaited. For topographical reason, the hole BL-17-02 is not collared in the center of the section. 

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Hole BL-17-02 and B-20 (1952)

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
BL-17-02 471385 5049788 125 -70 116 119 2.81 6.72
          129 137.17 7.64 1.55
          137.17 139.54 2.22 4.81
          153.5 156 2.34 3.56
B-20 471447 5049764 118 -76 83.83 95.09 10.9 8.1

Those results indicate that the mineralized envelope is extending to more than 50 m at depth. The two holes started in an ESE-WNW oriented, thick and late diabase dyke. This last cuts the mineralized zone.

Hole BL-17-04 was bored to twin hole B-22 on Section N-6 and verify the presence of several mineralized zones intersected in shorter holes, located at about 25 m ESE.

Graphite assay results and coordinates for Hole BL-17-04 and Hole B-22

Hole Number Easting Northing Azimuth Dip From To True width Cg
  mE mN ° ° m m m %
BL-17-04 471425 5049733 118 -77 9 13 3.9 2.5
          35 43.11 7.9 1.29
          43.11 49.56 6.28 8.08
          49.56 53.63 3.97 1.29
          54.22 62.33 7.9 2.5
      Including       2.33 4.86
B-22 471434 5049734 118 -75 17.37 17.83 0.44 9.5
          51.05 57 5.75 13.09
          68.28 73.15 4.7 4.85

Hole BL-17-04 was stopped at 110 m. It supports the presence of the three mineralized zones. We are awaiting the results of Hole BL-17-03 bored at the same location.

Drill holes of the 2017 campaign were bored with the NQ core size (47.6 mm, 1.875 inch) while the 1951-52 drill holes were bored with the “standard” method and a EXT core size (0.905 inch, 22.99 mm). This last drilling method caused a lot of hole deviation. We are not sure that the twin holes are running totally parallel all the way down. Holes of the 2017 drilling program were controlled with the Reflex equipment, at the beginning of the hole if the casing was longer than 10 m and 6 m above the end of the hole.

The discrepancy observed between the 1951-52 results and the 2017 assays is mainly due to the difference in the length of core sampling and the different methods of assaying. 2017 core sampling followed the geology and mineralization with a minimum of 0.30 m core length. The majority of the core samples were 2 m long while in the 50’s, they did not exceed 5 feet (1.50 m).

We are encouraged by the preliminary results supporting the historical results and demonstrating the extension at depth of the graphitic mineralization, and for at least 300 m along strike.

SJL expects to further pursue its drilling program on the other TDEM and PhiSpy anomalies delineated on the Bell Graphite property.

Christian Derosier, P.Geo., PhD., is the qualified person (QP) as defined in National Instrument 43-101 and, acting on behalf of Saint Jean Carbon, has reviewed and approved the technical content of this news release.... to view full copy from source


July 11, 2016 - Helicopter-Borne Magnetic and Time-Domain Electromagnetic Surveys on the Bell Graphite Mine [click to view full release]


October 20, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Receives Final Airborne Report [click to view full release]



Figure 10. (above) - Transient electromagnetics.

Additional related news:


October 12, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Returns Excellent Results from the Summer Work Project




October 12, 2016, Oakville, Ontario, Canada – Grab samples were taken at different locations and sent to the ALS’s laboratory in Val d’Or, Quebec to test the organic carbon content as well as 37 other chemical elements.


New Quebec Graphite Mine: This mine was in production from 1912 to 1918. It produced about 2,500 tonnes of graphite that was mainly used as a lubricant. The mica was sold and used as filler in the electric industry (capacitors, etc.). The graphitic layers are found in calcareous gneiss as flakes and sometimes as lump. The graphitic layers measure 2.7 m maximum. During the QP’s visits, remnants of the ancient buildings and trenches were recorded with GPS.


The first sample was a composite of grab samples taken from a pile of mineralized rocks found and recorded close to trench No. 1. Assay results are as follows:


M742351: orgC.: 10.85%-Flakes are 1-3 mm wide. The sample shows anomalous dolomitic values (CaO+ MgO). The second sample is from the ruins of the mill, close to the pipe that was used to bring the slurry to the nearby tailing pond.


M742352: orgC.: 16.60%-Graphite is highly pulverized and appears as dust. The sample also returned anomalous values of copper (173 ppm), barium (720 ppm), tin, Strontium, Phosphorus, lead (642 ppm), and zinc (1440 ppm).


M742353: orgC.: 5.16%-This sample was taken in trench No. 2 found in the south part of the New Quebec mine area. The mineralized rock is a paragneiss poor in carbonate. Flakes are disseminated and measure 1-2 mm in diameter.


Around the old concrete slabs and walls, the pits and trenches excavated from 1912 to 1919 are found within an area of 300m in length by 200 m in width. The mineralized rocks are trending NNE and dip sub vertical. The extension at depth of the graphite mineralization is not known. The old mine has never been drill tested.


The Bell Graphite Mine: This mine is located at about 1.9 km NNE of the New Quebec Graphite mine. Historically, the Bell Mine produced about 6,700 tonnes of graphite between 1906 and 1912. Exploration drilling was performed in the early 1950s, which defined the downward extension of Bell Mine graphite deposit.


M742360: orgC.: 6.81 % -This composite sample was taken on the top of an elongated pile of rocks located near the foundations of the old mill. This pile appears to have been built by ore cars on narrow gauge track. Flakes observed are 1- 2 mm in size. 2


M742361: orgC.: 4.75%-A second composite sample was taken from a pile close in proximity of Pit No. 2. This small pit is located at about 15 m east of the long and main excavation. The mineralized rock is a calcareous paragneiss stratigraphically lying below the main mineralized zone. Graphite flakes are 1-2 mm in size.


M742362: orgC.: 8.93%-This composite grab sample was taken from Pit No. 3, part of the main exploitation. Sulphides are present. Flakes are 1-3 mm wide. This sample is anomalous in strontium and zinc.


History on the Bell Mine


Historically, the Bell Mine produces about 6700 tons of graphite between 1906 and 1912 while the New Québec Mine produce 2500 tons of graphite from 1912 to 1920. Exploration drilling was performed in the early fifties which define the downward extension of Bell Mine graphite deposit.


The property is found in the Central Metasedimentary Belt (CMB) of the Grenville geological Province, with regional metamorphism reaching upper amphibolite grade and granulite facies locally. The Buckingham Property is mostly is mostly underlain by different types of paragneisses intermixed with large bands and lenses of marbles and quartzites with SW-NE to NS orientation.


Known graphite mineralisation consist of multiple narrow bands trending NNE (020°). At the Bell Mine Pit, these bands occur in paragneiss in association with disseminated pyrite. They were found within a working thickness from 1 to 5 m and have been follow over a strike length of 660 m and its extension at depth has been demonstrate by drilling in 1950. At the New Quebec smaller mine pits, the graphite is associated with a grey calcite-biotite gneiss, devoid of sulfides. One of the pit follow a one meter thick highly schistose zone enriched with flaky graphite over a 10 m strike length and is well exposed at its northern end.


Graphite enrichment within highly schistose bands may imply migration and recrystallisation as large flakes in shear zones which may have enhanced both continuity and quality of the mineralisation. EM geophysics is well suited to better define such mineralisation. Exploration included two phase of works during the summer of 2013 and the spring of 2015. Remnants of graphite rich bands (47 samples) from historical mine pits were submitted to ALS Chemex Laboratory in Val-d’Or which returned concentration from traces to 22% organic carbon.


The historical drilling by Frobisher Ltd in early fifties defines the extension at depth of the Bell Mine Graphite Deposit and results in a pre-43-101 estimation of 185 100 tons at 9.4 % graphite which constitute an exploration targets by today’s standard. Although this graphite occurrence show the high potential of the property it may not be the best targets on the property because of the presence of pyrite and its higher depth. Instead, the lateral extension of the graphite rich schistose zone should be investigate by geophysics and trenching, which may reveals shallow occurrence of high quality graphite.


Bell Graphite Co Mine (1906-1912)

Figure 11. (above) - Historic Bell Graphite Co. Mine.


The Bell Graphite Mine was operated from 1906 to 1912 during which 6700 tons of graphite were produced. Graphite was found in a bed of disseminated flake on lot 2W ½ of range V. The graphite ore was distributed in a lenses 600 m in length and 3 to 4 m wide. In 1910, a mill, which consisted of a large, 3-storey wooden structure was erected.


All information pertaining to mineral resources herewith presented are historical in nature and while relevant, the information was obtained before the implementation of National Instrument 43-101 reporting standards. No historical estimate should be relied upon until it can be confirmed by the Company.


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Walker Graphite Mine


The Walker Mine is a past graphite producer with about 816 tons of lump graphite extracted from the mine between 1876 and 1920. The property consists of 4 claims covering the past mine and 11 claims covering interesting geological context for more graphite mineralization in the region around the deposit.



Figure 12. (above) - Walker Project 22 inches wide ore -high density grade 89% Cg- Image from October 8th , 2013 site visit.


No mining restrictions exist over those claims. The property covers 9.02 square km of land and is located 40 km north-east of Ottawa. Main roads are located 2 km away from the Walker Mine. A secondary or private road runs up to the property site which allows for easy access. The regional claims are also easily accessible via a main road.


Most Recent Results

October 20, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Receives Final Airborne Report



Saint Jean Carbon Receives Final Airborne Report October 20, 2016, Oakville, Ontario, Canada- The Company has received the final airborne results of the summer work program and will use the comprehensive data for the fall work program now underway. That includes three bulk samples, beep mapping and drilling.


On the Walker block of claims, three prospective areas have been defined. The first one is extending NE-SW over about one kilometre in the eastern part of the property. This area has been shown to contain several previously mined high-grade graphite veins. The second prospective zone corresponds to the location of the past producing Walker mine. Recent sampling made in part of this area by Saint-Jean Carbon, showed the extension to the SW of the graphite mineralization.

The prospective area #3 consists in a wide corridor of N-S trending conductors usually sub-parallel to the magnetic grain, indicating that sources of interest may be present. However, this area is also mostly found in flat lowlands, where the background TDEM response is rather high, suggesting that conductive overburden is contributing to the response. Therefore, it is not clear if the conductive lineaments are rather related to bedrock conductors or to local thickening of Leda clay deposits. In fact, effects from both types of conductors may very well be present. As a consequence, it is recommended to perform a ground reconnaissance of the conductive area in search for outcrops that could help confirming the sources of anomalies. here for full copy from source



Figure 13. (above) - Walker Graphite Property Transient electromagnetics.


Additional related news:


October 12, 2016 - Saint Jean Carbon Returns Excellent Results from the Summer Work Project




Walker Graphite Mine: The Walker graphite mine area is the subject of road construction giving access to some lakes that may be developed for residential housing and camping. At about 250 m west of the old Walker mine, an outcrop has recently been stripped and blasted and does not show the presence of flake graphite mineralization associated to some sulphides (pyrite, pyrrhotite).

M742357: orgC.: 9.83%-This mineralized layers is about 1 m thick and dips at 20-30° to the west. Flakes are disseminated and measure 1-2 mm. The paragneiss is low in carbonate.

M742358: orgC.: 0.63%-This grab sample was taken on an outcrop stripped by a bulldozer and showing the presence of sulphides. No graphite was observed. Pyrite, pyrrhotite and rare chalcopyrite were observed (Cu: 135 ppm).

M742359: orgC.: 15.50%-This composite sample was taken on an old stockpile found at about 30 m south of the old pit. Graphite flakes are disseminated and measure 2-3 mm. The developer will fill this area with large blocks of rocks removed during the road construction.


Related News:


Saint Jean Carbon announced the results of two test programs on its lump graphite from the Company's Walker Graphite property in Quebec.


   Excerpts Octo. 15, 2013:


The combination of higher reagent concentration and longer retention times in the fifth test provided the 99.1%Cg best result. This positions the Company's graphite as being fully suited for a wide range of high purity applications.

The fifth test provided the 99.1%Cg best result with he combination of higher reagent concentration and longer retention times

The test work was carried out at Process Research Ortech in Mississauga, Ontario and lab analysis was done at Activation Laboratories Inc. (Actlabs) in Ancaster, Ontario. The goal of the tests was to assess the potential of the Walker lump graphite to be upgraded to 95-99%Cg, which is considered to be commercially marketable levels. The first program consisted of a series of grinding and flotation stages, as well as a caustic leaching process. Material used in the testing was assembled during the Company's sampling program announced in July, 2013 which outlined naturally occurring in situ grades of 89.5%Cg. As the table in our Oct 15th press release indicates, the upgrade process was successful in increasing this to a preliminary upgrade of 97.3%Cg. This is generally considered to be suitable for a wide range of product applications in the graphite sector. Sample material was also weighed before and after testing to assess yield recoveries. As the table also indicates the tests were successful in producing very favourable yields which will be important in maintaining a low cost base when mineral processing the Walker graphite.


Following this initial test phase, the same material was then subjected to three different variations on the caustic leaching process. In the first test, the leaching retention time was increased from four to six hours. In the second, the caustic concentration was increased to 50% and retention time was again six hours. And in the third, the material was subjected to a regrind stage that decreased particle sizes from 47 microns down to 20 microns. Reagent concentration and retention time was 50% and six hours respectively in the third test as well. As the table below indicates, test results also provided by ActLabs indicate that the Company was successful in increasing the grade up to 99%Cg+ in both the fourth and fifth variations of the simple and cost-effective leaching process. The combination of higher reagent concentration and longer retention times in the fifth test provided the 99.1%Cg best result. As noted above, this positions the Company's graphite as being fully suited for a wide range of high purity applications.

These positive test results are also consistent with the Company's belief that the Walker Graphite property contains economically upgradeable deposits of lump graphite and should therefore be the focus of a full geologic development program in the months ahead. This program commenced in early October with a preliminary beep mapping survey to examine for conductors, and will be followed by an airborne EM survey shortly thereafter. Results from both of these next stages will form the basis for an initial historical NI 43-101 report on Walker, and the Wallingford and St. Jovite properties, also in Quebec, which the Company previously announced that it had entered into a non-arm's length non-binding agreement to acquire. Upon completion of the preliminary report, the Company will develop and define a comprehensive drill program to properly quantify the size and extent of its lump graphite deposits. The drill results and expanded NI 43-101 will be used to prepare a pre and/or full feasibility study as part of the definitive effort to bring the properties into production as soon as possible. The low-cost production opportunity provided by lump graphite will permit the development of an optimized flow sheet that should similarly result in low capital expenditure requirement to process the lump graphite. Mr. Ogilvie noted “the direct results of a low-cost recovery operation and capital budget are one of the principal guiding reasons for our focus on lump graphite, be it in Quebec or Sri Lanka. On that basis we will be making every conceivable effort to move forward rapidly with our plans to establish economically successful production facilities in both locations”.



Fig. 14. Walker Project (Image above) - Exposed vein running Southeast approx 20 feet



Fig. 15. Walker Project (Image above) - Exposed vein on pit wall



Fig. 16. Walker Project (Image above) - Aprox 22 feet of exposed historical vein


In a previous site visit the Company’s geologist, Ms. Isabelle Robillard, P. Geo., collected initial composite grab samples

The team directly assessed the visible graphite veins and extracted samples taken along the various veins. The purpose of the program was to assess the potential for high grades encountered across this mineralization region.

"The laboratory returned the graphite assay value (89.5% Cg) that is reported here. One of the veins was followed at surface for at least 6 meters along strike and many small mine pits and trenches were found in the immediate area, indicating the presence of more graphite mineralization.”

Fig. 17. (above) - Walker Graphite


Based on subsequent analysis conducted by Activation Laboratories Ltd. (Actlabs) of Ancaster, Ontario using the IR process (Leco), the results confirmed the presence of a high quality lump/vein graphite mineralization. Ms. Robillard commented on the results as follows: “Graphite occurrence was observed during recent fieldwork (2013-06-21) from an ancient shallow exploitation pit on an easily accessible part of the property. The old pit and adjacent waste rocks pile exposed at least two sets of intersecting graphite veins, with thickness ranging from 2 to 10 cm. Vein material was sampled and sent to Actlabs in Ancaster.

The mine which operated from 1890 through to 1920 is located in the Central Metasedimentary Belt of the Grenville geological province, between Montreal and Ottawa. The potential for high quality graphite deposits in this area has been actively examined and reported on for many years and the Company is looking forward to commencing work on the property as soon as possible.


Fig. 18. (above) - Walker Graphite

A review of the historical records related to Walker provides extremely encouraging comments on its lump graphite potential. One of the most detailed accounts of graphite in this region was a comprehensive book prepared and published for the Canadian Department of Mines in 1907 entitled, “Graphite: Its Properties, Occurrence, Refining and Uses by Fritz Cirkel, M.E. (Mining Engineer)”. In a section devoted to a review of the Walker Mine, Mr. Cirkel provided the following commentary: “The vein filling consists of graphite in by far the larger number of cases; it then is composed of parallel fibers or columnar aggregates, the fibers being vertical to the walls of the vein, as is very common in a number of localities in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) for example. In several cases green apatite and scapolite occur with the graphite. The occurrence of apatite appears to be not uncommon and reminds one of the occurrences of the same mineral in the graphite veins of Ceylon.” These observations are consistent with the Company's own research on Walker and a number of properties located in the same region.



Fig. 19. (above) - Walker Graphite



The mineralization at Walker Mine consists of about 25% graphite along with contact metamorphism minerals (Apatite, scapolite, pyroxens, pyrite, titanite, micas and tourmaline). The graphite is present in irregular veins associated with pegmatite and crystaline marble. The graphite appears to correspond to 25% of the mineralized zone, and consist of disseminated flake of unknown size and quality.

There is more than 30 pits reported on the past producing property, which consisted of lots 19 to 21 in ranges 7, 8 and 9. It is to be noted that the current property doesn't include range 9 and part of 8: however the many pits reported should mostly be in the current property (where the Walker Mine was) and these indicate that the mineralization could have an important volume and more extensions on the property.


All information pertaining to mineral resources herewith presented are historical in nature and while relevant, the information was obtained before the implementation of National Instrument 43-101 reporting standards. No historical estimate should be relied upon until it can be confirmed by the Company.


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East Millar Graphite Property


East Millar is interesting in that it is contiguous with Canada Carbon's property and with the occurrences of graphite.


Bonus/aside: Besides high-grade high-purity lump graphite, the East Millar property hosts fine marble similar to what is found on Canada Carbon's property. The marble is of such high quality that Canada Carbon has an offtake agreement with local marble cutters that nets a royalty. SJL.V does not have to do anything other than simply give local marble cutters right to the claims and the Company will receive a royalty. SLJ.V has potential on the marble end to yield what Canada Carbon has; SLJ.V has potential for a ~$13M to $15M haul-off of granite netting ~$1.5M in royalties.


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Graphite Holdings in Sri Lanka


Saint Jean Carbon Inc. entered into a deal to buy robust graphite mine leases and licenses. The Company has rights to claims however the property should be viewed as a long-term strategic back-up.


Sri Lanka is the only region in the world that produces vein (lump) graphite.

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SJL.V's relationship with Graphena


Graphena is a Spanish firm that makes synthetic graphene. Saint Jean Carbon Inc. is a North American distributor for Graphena, Canada's exclusive distributor for them. The only reason SJL.V took the distributorship, besides the fact they were asked to, is that it opened up doors all over North America at top universities and other entities interested in buying supplies of synthetic graphene. Graphena makes graphene via chemical vapor disposition, similarly to how diamonds are made. SJL.V has sold material to MIT and other entities, however the main benefit for SJL.V representing this product is that it assisted the Company to become familiar with who was doing what kind of projects and it formed an excellent marketing gateway as it allowed SJL.V to talk to top level researchers and professors in North America about what SJL.V were doing with its own natural graphene and how the Company is able to produce.


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Saint Jean Carbon Inc.'s Technical Leadership, Management, and Governance  Skip to top


SJL.V's board of directors and management team has a well rounded combination of people that each contribute expertise in disciplines necessary for a successful organization:


Paul A. Ogilvie, CEO & Chairman, Director

Mr. Ogilvie brings a wealth of knowledge to the graphite sector. Mr. Ogilvie has been extensively involved in several start-ups, including emerging graphite companies, for over 33 years. He most recently served as Chief Executive Officer and Director for both Mega Graphite Inc. and Canada Carbon. Prior to this, in 2007 Mr. Ogilvie led a private investment group in the redevelopment and turnaround of Industrial Minerals Inc. (now known as Northern Graphite Corporation (NGC-TSX.V), a junior mining company that is presently developing one of the largest large-flake natural graphite deposits in the world. Mr. Ogilvie has direct experience in the development of technologies related to the production of graphite ores and the operation of global graphite markets for base and high purity graphite products.


Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BSr, Chief Technology Officer

Dr. Zhongwei Chen PhD, MSChE, BS, Canadian Research Chair and Professor in Advanced Materials for Clean Energy Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo. Dr. Zhongwei Chen will lead the technology planning, engineering and implementation of all of the Company's clean energy storage and energy creation initiatives. Dr. Zhongwei Chen's research work covers advanced materials and electrodes for PEM fuel cells, lithium ion batteries and zinc-air batteries. His education; PhD, University of California - Riverside, MSChE, East China University of Science and Technology, China, BS, Nanjing University of Technology, China. His honours and awards; Early Researcher Award, Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, Ontario, Canada (2012), NSERC Discovery Accelerator Award (2014), Canada Research Chair in Advanced Materials for Clean Energy (2014), and E.W.R Steacie Memorial Fellowship (2016).


Dr. William E. Pfaffenberger, President and Director

Dr. Pfaffenberger is President of Saint Jean Carbon (formerly Torch River Resources) having joined the company in April 2006. He is a retired professor of mathematics who was in the Mathematics and Statistics Department at the University of Victoria for 38 years. Dr. Pfaffenberger served as a Member of the Board of Governors and Chair of his department and served as Chair of the Board of Pension Trustees for 11 years overseeing a fund of over $400 million. Dr. Pfaffenberger currently serves as a Director of Silver Grail Resources (TSX-V:SVG) and as President of a private minerals company, Fundamental Resources Corp.

Donald G. Snyder, Director & Chairman of the Audit Committee

Mr. Snyder has held the position of Chairman and Director of Saint Jean Carbon (formerly Torch River Resources) since it’s inception. He was a Director of Teal Capital Inc. a predecessor to Torch, since 2003. Mr. Snyder was a founder and partner in Brymore Energy Ltd., which was an energy marketer from 1986 to 1997. Brymore bought, transported and sold natural gas, crude oil and sulfur to customer throughout Canada and the United States. Mr. Snyder served in many positions including as Vice President to Northridge Petroleum Marketing Inc., and Consolidated Natural Gas Ltd. from 1981 to 1986, Nova Corporation of Alberta and Manager Pipeline Engineering, 1976 to 1981 and previous public company Directorships:BXL Energy Ltd, Military International Ltd. and Tael Capital Inc. Education:BSc. Civil Engineering, 1961, University of Alberta. Certificate, Business Admin., 1970, University of Saskatchewan, Regina. Affiliations: Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists and Geophysicists of Alberta.


Dr. David W. Madill, M.D, Director

Dr. Madill 30 years experience in the mining industry, particularly in its financing and development. As well, he is a director, and Chairman of the board of the successful, privately owned mining investment company, Fundamental Resources Corp. He has an M.D. degree from Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.


Dr. Don MacIntyre, Ph.D. Eng., Director

Dr. MacIntrye has been a registered Professional Engineer with the BC Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists since 1979. He was with the Geological Survey Branch of the B.C. Ministry of Energy and Mines as a project geologist. Over a 25 year career with GSB, Dr. MacIntrye was responsible for a number of geological mapping and mineral deposit projects mostly in northern British Columbia. Areas included the Gataga SEDEX district of the Northern Rockies, the Tatshenshini district of the St. Elias Range and the Tahtsa Lake, Smithers and Babine Lake districts of Central BC. These projects focused on defining the geologic setting and genetic controls associated with a diverse range of mineral deposit types including porphyry Cu-Mo, SEDEX, VMS, polymetallic veins and epithermal Au-Ag. Dr. MacIntyre also helped develop the GSB's digital mapping systems, especially those dealing with regional mapping and mineral potential evaluations. In 2004 he took early retirement from the GSB and started his own geological consulting company.


Mr. David Da Rin, Director

Mr. Da Rin is the President of Schunk Graphite Technology, LLC and Schunk of North America, Inc. He serves on the boards for all the US companies of the Schunk Group. He has 40 years of extensive business experience, beginning in the design and manufacture of hi-tech aerospace flight training equipment to most recently the manufacture and sale of carbon products. He has led the turnaround of unprofitable companies while growing the top line. Additionally, he has led merger and acquisition teams which expanded product portfolios into new markets. Mr. Da Rin has a MBA in Finance and an undergraduate degree in Accounting/Finance.


Most recent Company press releases:

Note: This list is not intended to be a complete overview of Saint Jean Carbon Inc. or a complete listing of its projects. Technology MarketWatch urges the reader to contact the subject company and has identified the following sources for information:


For more information contact Saint Jean Carbon Inc.'s head office at: Ph (905).844.1200


Company's web site:   SEDAR Filings: URL



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